Sykes Picot Agreement And The Kurds

On April 3, 1917, Sykes met with Lloyd George, Curzon, and Hankey to receive his instructions on the matter, namely to keep the French next door while pushing for British Palestine. First Sykes in early May, then Picot and Sykes traveled together to the Hejas in May to discuss the deal with Faisal and Hussein. [55]:166 Hussein was persuaded to accept a formula that preferred that the French in Syria should have the same policy as the British in Baghdad; As Hussein believed that Baghdad would be part of the Arab state, this had finally satisfied him. Subsequent reports from participants expressed doubts about the exact nature of the discussions and the extent to which Hussein had actually been informed of Sykes-Picot`s conditions. [61] On the eve of Sykes-Picot`s centenary in 2016, the media[109] and universities[110] generated great interest in the long-term effects of the agreement. The agreement is often referred to as an “artificial” border in the Middle East, “without taking into account ethnic or sectarian characteristics, [which] has led to endless conflicts.” [111] The question of the extent to which Sykes-Picot actually marked the borders of the modern Middle East is controversial. [112] [113] In the Constantinople Agreement of March 18, 1915, Sergei Sazonov, Russian Foreign Minister, wrote to the ambassadors of France and Great Britain after the start of naval operations before the Gallipoli campaign and claimed Constantinople and the Dardanelles. During a series of five-week diplomatic talks, Britain and France agreed, under their own claims, on a wider sphere of influence in Iran in the case of Britain and on the annexation of Syria (including Palestine) and Cilicia for France. British and French claims agreed and all parties agreed that the proper management of the holy sites should be left to later regulation.

[18] Without the Russian revolutions of 1917, Constantinople and The Strait could have been handed over to Russia after the Allied victory. This agreement and the Sykes-Picot agreement were complementary, as France and Britain first had to satisfy Russia to conclude the partition of the Middle East. [19] In his introduction to a 2016 symposium on the theme Sykes-Picot, law professor Anghie notes that a large part of the agreement is devoted to “trade and trade agreements, access to ports and railway construction”. [50] The agreement was conceived and negotiated in the coming months by the countries` diplomats and signed by the Allies between August 18 and September 26, 1917. [38] Russia was not represented in this agreement, as the Tsarist regime was in the midst of a revolution.