The Oslo Agreement Of 1995

In Israel`s May 1999 elections, Ehud Barak of Labor Netanyahu defeated decisively. Barak predicted that he could strike deals with Syria and the Palestinians within 12 to 15 months and promised to withdraw Israeli troops from southern Lebanon. In September, Barak signed the Sharm al-Shaykh Memorandum with Arafat, which forced both sides to begin permanent status negotiations. However, a first round of meetings was unsuccessful, and in December the Palestinians abandoned talks on the construction of settlements in the occupied territories. Discussion on the release of Palestinian prisoners, agreement on annexes and attached maps and start of the transfer from Israel. As the United States, European and Arab nations continued to invest their hopes in talks to reach a final agreement, settlement construction in the occupied West Bank tripled and grew at unprecedented rates. The Oslo Accords are two agreements between the Government of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO): the Oslo I Accords signed in Washington in 1993, D.C. [1] and the Oslo II Accords signed in Taba, Egypt, in 1995. [2] The Oslo Accords marked the beginning of the Oslo Process, a peace process aimed at reaching a peace treaty on the basis of UN Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338 and respecting the “right of the Palestinian people to self-determination”. The Oslo process began after secret negotiations in Oslo, which resulted in the PLO`s recognition of the State of Israel and Israel`s recognition of the PLO as the representative of the Palestinian people and as a negotiating partner. 4. Both Parties agree that the outcome of the permanent status negotiations should not be compromised or anticipated by transitional agreements.

[1] In November 1995, Rabin was assassinated by Yigal Amir, an Israeli who, for religious reasons, opposed the Oslo Accords. Rabin`s assassination was followed by a series of terrorist attacks by Hamas, which undermined Labor`s support in the May 1996 Israeli elections. The new Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu came from the Likud, which had historically opposed the Palestinian state and the withdrawal from the occupied territories. While the end goal at Camp David was a “peace treaty between Israel and Jordan taking into account the agreement on the final status of the West Bank and Gaza Strip,” the Oslo negotiations were directly between Israel and the PLO and aimed at a peace treaty between these groups.